is a constitutional Monarchy. It was also part of the
Ottoman State until the end of W.W.I when it was occupied
by the British. In 1923 it became a British mandate known
as Trans-Jordan separated from Palestine by the river Jordan.
In 1946 the mandate was terminated and Jordan became independent.
As a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict, Jordan annexed
the West Bank of the river Jordan which was until then a part
of Palestine also under British mandate. In 1967, the West
Bank was occupied by Israel. Now parts of the West Bank are
under autonomous Palestinian rule.
total land area of Jordan is nearly 90,000 square kilometres
with a population of 5.5 million. Although Jordan is a comparatively
small country with limited mineral and other natural resources,
it has had considerable political stability and consequently
it has been successful in developing a thriving economy based
on agriculture, small industry and tourism.